Periodontal disease can negatively impact more than our oral health - it can also affect our overall physical health. Today, our endodontist in Toronto defines periodontitis and offer tips on prevention.
What is periodontitis (gum disease)?
This progressive condition gradually invades your gums. In its early stages, it's typically painless in its early stages (gingivitis), but can easily evolve to an advanced stage before you become aware of any problems.
Plaque accumulates on your teeth and along the gum line before it hardens into a rough, porous deposit referred to as tartar or calculus. Pockets form between teeth and irritated gums, and bacteria collect here. This can lead to other health issues such as cardiovascular disease. Once hardened, only your dentist will have the tools to remove plaque.
Once periodontitis reaches its advanced stages, it can cause bone structure to be lost and deterioration of gums - and eventually, tooth loss. Gum disease is actually one of the most common causes of tooth loss in adults.
That’s why removing plaque with a rigorous daily hygiene routine of brushing and flossing as well as attending regular dental hygiene appointments are key for prevention – and for maintaining your oral health.
People who have problems with their gums also sometimes have cavities and tooth infections that may necessitate a root canal, a procedure during which infected tissue is removed from the tooth to save it from extraction.
How can I prevent periodontitis?
There are also some less obvious tips that may help you avoid gum disease or reduce your risk of getting it. You may want to:
Take inventory of your medications. Certain medications can contribute to and aggravate gum disease, including antidepressants, heart medicines and oral contraceptives.
Increase your consumption of vitamins A and C, which are part of a healthy diet that can help prevent periodontitis. Conversely, cut sugary and starchy foods, which allow plaque to build.
Have dental issues treated quickly. Correct dental problems or oral health issues such as teeth grinding, misaligned or crowded teeth. It can be more challenging to properly clean teeth that aren’t properly spaced, thus providing room for plaque to grow and thrive.
Gently massage your gums. Along with brushing and flossing regularly (at least twice a day for two minutes each time for brushing, and once daily for thorough flossing), show your gums some love by gently massaging them, which increases blood flow to the tissue.
Use fluoride toothpaste.This key ingredient removes the buildup of plaque bacteria along the gum line without irritating gums.
Quit smoking. Smoking is not only strongly associated with the onset of gum disease, it makes it more difficult for your gums to heal once they’re damaged, as smoking weakens the immune system.
Know your risks. Whether genetics, diet, age, smoking or other factors make you more susceptible to periodontitis, knowledge is power when it comes to reducing your risk and staying healthy.
Bonus: Ask your dentist about periodontal disease treatment. The earlier your dentist can detect periodontitis (if you do get it), the better. That's because it's easier to treat gum disease in its earlier stages, than when it has advanced to the point that you start to lose teeth or jaw bone tissue. Depending on how far the disease has progressed and its severity, there are surgical and non-surgical options for treatment.
Regular oral hygiene - and reducing your personal risk factors - will go a long way in the fight to prevent gum disease. Our gums are as important as our teeth when it comes to our oral health, so it’s important not to neglect them.